QIMT Glossary



Definitions of Metrology terms & phrases.

If you know of a term or phrase that belongs here, you can submit the term or phrase and associated definition by adding an entry. NOTE: All entries are reviewed and approved prior to being seen by others on the site.


Procedure for adding a Definition:

  1. Click on the "Add a New Entry" button.
  2. Under the first required field labeled 'Concept', enter the Metrology word or term.
  3. In the 'Description' Field, put the definition, don't forget to use the "DeWord" button to remove MS Word formatting if you are copying and pasting from MS Word; see lounge forum for note regarding this issue.
  4. Ignore the other entries and submit.


You can browse using the alphabet, or find a definition by searching for any term, or by any text within the definition itself. Or click on ALL to see all the posted definitions.

You can also start discussions by 'commenting' on a definition.cool

Use the little icon in the corner of the quote to comment.

Browse the glossary using this index

Special | A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z | ALL

P

Performance testing

(laboratory) Determination of the testing capability of a laboratory, by comparing tests performed between laboratories.

Preventive measures

(opposite of repressive measure) are used for market surveillance and are taken before marketing a measuring instruments, i.e. the instrument has to be type-approved and verified.

Primary laboratory

Laboratory that performs internationally adopted fundamental metrological research and which realises and maintains standards at the highest international level.

Primary method

A method of the highest metrological quality which when implemented can be described and understood completely, and for which a complete uncertainty budget can be provided in SI units, the results of which can therefore be accepted without reference to a standard for the magnitude being measured.

Primary reference material

Primary standard

Standard that is designated or widely acknowledged as having the highest metrological qualities and whose value is accepted without reference to other standards of the same quantity

Principle of measurement

The scientific foundation of a method of measurement.

Prototype

Artefact that defines a unit of measurement. The kilogram prototype (1 kg weight) in Paris is today the only prototype in the SI system.

PTB

Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt, the national metrological institute of Germany.

PTS

Proficiency testing schemes